Hemorrhoids: Causes and Treatment

Hemorrhoids, also referred to as piles, are swollen, painful and inflamed veins in the anus and lower rectum. In their normal operating state hemorrhoids are vascular structures that convey blood to the lower rectum and the anus. They may either be internal (covered by mucosa and found on the upper side of the dentate line) or external (found on the lower side of the dentate line). It is quite a common occurrence among adults (over the age of 55). hemmorhoids

The symptoms to watch out include; skin tags, staining of toilet bowl or toilet paper with streaks of blood, prolapse, constipation, staining of underclothes with mucus and perianal itching and irritation. People suffering from hemorrhoids have to deal with bleeding, itching and general discomfort. It is that very vital to cure hemorrhoids at the slightest detection of its symptoms to avoid escalating conditions.

There are various possible causes of hemorrhoids. One of the common causes is excess pressure on the veins found in the lower rectum and anal area. Such pressure may cause extra damage in a faster way to the connective supportive tissue of the anal canal. This in turn causes blood vessels to swell, in the process losing support. The other common cause normally associated with aging. As people become older, connective tissue that supports providing support to the hemorrhoids deteriorate causing the hemorrhoids to distend and bulge. It is of immense importance to appreciate that hemorrhoidal vein pressure can be worsened by anything that causes portal hypertension, for instance cirrhosis. Pregnant women may experience increased blood pressure to the pelvic area during the last six months of pregnancy. This may cause hemorrhoids in such women. Constipation and excess weight may also lead to hemorrhoids

In cases where constipation is the main cause of hemorrhoids, a diet adjustment is recommended. Fiber (such as cereal and bread) content should be increased and eaten on a daily basis. Insoluble fiber cannot be digested by the body. It instead passes through the bowels where it assists in moving waste easily. Drinking plenty of water is also recommended. Banding is another technique used to treat hemorrhoids. This procedure involves placing of a tight elastic band to completely cut blood supply to the veins. It is done on a daily basis.

In cases where banding cannot be effectively used, an alternative procedure is sclerotherapy. This involves injecting of a chemical solution to the veins in the patient’s back passage. In this way the hemorrhoid tissues are hardened eventually healing in a period of around 5-6 weeks. Sometimes surgery is the only option to get rid of large internal hemorrhoids.

Home remedies may also be used to neutralize hemorrhoids. Readily available remedies (such as Aloe Vera, vinegar and potatoes) are acerbic, meaning that they may appreciably minimize the hemorrhoids mass and essentially get rid of discomfort.Failure to get rid of hemorrhoids may cause unappreciable damage which is sometimes irreversible. While it is an ailment due to natural causes its seriousness should never be underestimated. Cure hemorrhoids when you can.