Causes of Hemorrhoids
The following are the known causes of hemorrhoids:
· Poor diet
· Diarrhea and constipation
· Strained bowel movement
· Delaying bowel movement
· Less exercise
Diets that consist of processed foods and with less of fresh fruits and vegetables is one of the major causes of hemorrhoids. The consumption of a lot of refined flour, fiber-depleted carbohydrates, animal proteins and sugar reduces roughage in your diet. This results in hard stool and which is very difficult to pass. This causes hemorrhoids.
Diarrhea and Constipation
Constipation is difficulty in the passing of stool because of hardening which leads to excessive straining. Diarrhea results in excessive passing of watery stool caused by any adverse reaction. Rectal veins are damaged therefore causing hemorrhoids.
Strained Bowel Movements
Any forced bowel movement by trying for too long or too hard causes hemorrhoids. The strain could be because of constipation, poor toilet habits or diarrhea.
Delaying Bowel Movement
The regular postponement of bowel movements eventually leads to the drying up and hardening of fecal matter within the intestines. The effect is straining while passing and hence leads to hemorrhoids. In addition, the fecal matter within the large intestines or the colon increases pressure on the muscles and veins in the anal area. The veins around the rectum and anus are swollen as a result.
Certain individuals inherit weak vein walls. This can lead to hemorrhoids although it is not the only factor. This combined with poor toilet habits or long hours standing or sitting can lead to hemorrhoids.
For pregnancy and labor, hormonal changes during this period increase the blood flow to the pelvis and this relaxes the supportive tissues. The developing fetus in the womb also causes the blood vessels to experience increased pressure. The extra weight on the walls of the uterus also weighs down on the rectal veins. During labor, the intense pressure around the anal area while pushing at delivery may lead to the development of hemorrhoids.
Long term medical conditions like heart and liver diseases may result in blood pooling in the abdomen and pelvic area. This results in the enlargement of the veins. Rectal cancer also causes hemorrhoids. It prompts an urge to defecate frequently although there is no actual defecation. The frequent strain increases pressure on the veins.
Muscles tend to lose elasticity when there is no muscle movement due to sedentary lifestyle. Bowel movements become difficult. This is common in the elderly or the sick.
Excess weight especially around the abdomen and pelvis increases pressure on the pelvic veins.
Other possible causes of hemorrhoids
Other factors that may cause hemorrhoids include vitamin deficiency, use of laxatives frequently, hypertension and poor intake of water and fluids. People having jobs that have prolonged hours of sitting or standing could also develop hemorrhoids.